|Slave treatment promise |
I recently received some of the flood damaged documents that were stabilized by conservator Gary McGowan, through an application to FEMA. Until the time of the flood the documents were stored in the large safe built into the front hall closet at the Steuben House, River Edge, NJ.
Dated August 20, 1790, this document contains a declaration of James Jay, who wishes to quiet the mind of a slave named Claus, whom Jay has "purchased" from Richard Ryerson of Pompton. After A four-week trial period, Claus "is satisfied with the usage he has received" and so declares that "he would like to live with me all his Life." Certain "mischievous people" have planted the idea in Claus' mind that once the trial period is over he is "ever afterwards liable to be treated with unmerited severity."Jay declares that he will always treat well "an honest & industrious Slave who behaves well..."Therefore, Jay pledges that, if after a year Claus "shows "just & sufficient Cause to complain of ill usage," then James Jay agrees to "sell" Claus within six months. Unfortunately, there is no reassurance that he would be sold into better conditions and certainly no offer of freedom. This interesting declaration shows not only that slavery persisted in the North even after the American Revolution, fought on the grounds that "all men are created equal," but also that there was cruelty associated with the system of forced labor.
Deborah Powell / Kevin Wright 01/25/09
|Whereas Claus, a Negro man, for the purchase of whom I have agreed with Richard Ryerson of Pompton, has lived with me four weeks on Trial, and is so well satisfied with the usage he has received, that he declares that were he sure to be always treated in the same way, he would like to live with me all his Life. Now as the usage he has received is no other that I have always held, and will ever hold to an honest & industrious Slave who behaves well, as he has done during the above Trial: and as it appears to me that the fears he has of being ever afterwards able to be treated with unmerited severity, have been infured inton his mind by mischievous people, I am induced from a desire of removing such fears, and quieting the mind of the said Slave, to promise, that if the said Claus shall within a year from the Date hereof, shew just & sufficient cause to complain of ill usage, I will sell him within six months after such compaint, for the money I am to give for him and the expences I may be at on his amount. |
August 20, 1790
The Sum to be paid for the above Claus is L81.17.4