[Extracts from the Journal of Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Kemble, Deputy Adjutant General of the British Army in America.]

Monday, Sept. 21st

The First and Second Light Infantry, 1st and 2nd Grenadiers, 3rd and 4th Brigades, Lord Rawdon’s Corps, Guards, and Buskirk’s Jersey Volunteers, proceed this Night on some Service under the Command of Lieut. Gen. Earl Cornwallis, supposed on a Foraging party into Jersey; the same day ordered to attend Lord Cornwallis.

Tuesday, Sept. 22nd to Sunday, Sept. 27th

The Troops under Lord Cornwallis’s Command crossed the North River to Bergen; on the 23rd took Post, their right within three quarters of a Mile of the North River, near Fort Lee, their left extending to New Bridge. Two Redoubts being erected on the Height on the other side of the Hackinsack, and one of them being tenable on the Night of the 27th. The Troops moved on that Night in two Columns, the right upon the Tappan road, led by Lord Cornwallis; the left, by General Grey, crossed the Hackinsack at New Bridge; the whole proposed to meet at Tappan at day break, with a view of surprising a party of 700 Militia in that neighbourhood, but they were apprised of our march by two Deserters, and escaped. General Grey was more lucky by getting notice of a party of Dragoons lying on his Route, called Lady Washington’s, whom he Effectually surprised, and without one Shot being fired; out of 120, Killed about 50, and took as many prisoners—the Colonel, by name Baylor, and Major, with one Capt. and 6 Subalterns—of the latter number the Colonel like to recover, the Major dead; the 2nd Battalion Light Infantry were thought to be active and Bloody on this Service, and it’s acknowledged on all hands they might have spared some who made no resistance, the whole being compleatly surprised and all their Officers in bed; this Regiment consisted of 180, and by this rencounter totally disabled from further Service.

Monday, Sept. 28th

The whole returned to Camp.

Tuesday, Sept. 29th

Boats arrived to take off Forage from the Hackinsack River.

Wednesday, Sept. 30th

A Grand Foraging Party, 44th and 46th Regiments, advanced on the main Road to Tappan, Volunteers of Ireland, and 6 Companies of Light Infantry, with cannon, on the Stralenburg Road, as covering parties. The Redoubts at New Bridge both Completed. General Knyphausen, with the greatest part of the Troops from Kings Bridge at this time, advanced to the Heights above Phillips’s House, on the North River; small parties of Militia come near us, but nothing worth mentioning.

Thursday Oct. 1st to Thursday, Oct. 15th

Nothing Extraordinary, but Foraging Parties, the most considerable at Hackinsack, the Ground to Cover which most advantageous and beautiful.
All this time Mr. Washington lay at Fredericksburg, with near seven thousand Men, another Corps at Fish Kills, and one at Danbury, but made no movement but that of sending Lord Sterling with two Brigades to watch our Motions, who was so wary as not to give us an opportunity of Attacking him, keeping his Baggage loaded and ready to move off at a moment’s warning, seldom lying one Night in the same place.



The Journals of Lt. Col. Stephen Kemble, 1773-1789. Collections of the New-York Historical Society for 1883, printed for the Society (1884,) Pages 162-164.

http://apollo.carroll.com/bchs/GrandForage/gf1778.html